Ethiopia, with a surface area of about 1.2 million Km2, is a country of a beauty characterized by diverse culture, pure nature, contrasting landscapes and colorful long history. Ethiopia is located in the East of Africa better known as the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is an ancient country whose rich culture and history dates back to pre-historic times. It is one of the countries in the world with a vast history. Archeological findings have identified Ethiopia as one of the cradles of mankind. The 4.4 million years old skeleton of Ramidus, the 3.5 skeleton of Lucy in addition to ancient cave painting and tools are some of the evidences of its pre -historic glory.
The Ethiopian people’s diverse culture is manifested through various local languages, a variety of customs and ways of life etc. Over 80 local languages are being spoken in the country of which Amharic, Oromifa and Tigrigna are the major ones used by the majority of population. The major religion of the country includes Christianity and Islam, which have co-existed for centuries. Much of the country’s landscape consists of plateau and mountain ranges. The African Rift Valley separates the Western mountains from the eastern highlands. The altitude also makes the climate uniquely refreshing and mild unlike other countries that are located near to the equator. There are two distinct seasons in Ethiopia; the dry season or “Bega”, which in most parts, is from October to May (mostly winter season in Europe) and the rainy season or “Kiremt” extending from June to September (Summer season in Europe). The country’s economy is predominantly based on agricultural production, where agriculture accounts for the majority of export and employment. The main export products are coffee, flower, oilseed, chat, pulse, hide and skin.